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Project: Caesar cipher

Learn how to build a simple command-line application that takes in a string and the shift factor and then outputs an "encrypted" string.

Assignment

From Wikipedia:
In cryptography, a Caesar cipher, also known as Caesar's cipher, the shift cipher, Caesar's code or Caesar shift, is one of the simplest and most widely known encryption techniques. It is a type of substitution cipher in which each letter in the plaintext is replaced by a letter some fixed number of positions down the alphabet. For example, with a left shift of 3, D would be replaced by A, E would become B, and so on. The method is named after Julius Caesar, who used it in his private correspondence.
There's a video about it from Harvard's CS50 class.
Implement a caesar cipher that takes in a string and the shift factor and then outputs the modified string:
> caesar_cipher("What a string!", 5)
=> "Bmfy f xywnsl!"

Quick tips

  • You will need to remember how to convert a string into a number.
  • Don't forget to wrap from z to a.
  • Don't forget to keep the same case.